Botox is used to treat various medical conditions that include muscle spasms in the face or other localized areas, twitching of the eyelid (blepharospasm), muscle spasticity, muscle spasms in the neck (cervical dystonia) and proper alignment of the eyes (strabismus). It is also used to reduce excessive underarm sweating. In cosmetic treatments it is used to treat the vertical frown lines, crows feet, horizontal lines at the forehead and wrinkles.
Increasingly, Botox is used as an alternative treatment for TMJ (temporomandibular joint) disorders and associated jaw tension and pain. When injected into facial muscles afflicted with soreness and discomfort, Botox relieves TMJ and jaw tension for many patients. The injections often eliminate headaches resulting from teeth grinding, and, in cases of severe stress, Botox can even minimize lockjaw. Although Botox treatment for these conditions is currently experimental, evidence indicates that it can be extremely effective.